More aluminium is produced each year than any other non-ferrous metal. For this reason, it is difficult to believe that aluminium was only discovered some 200 years ago and has been produced in industrial quantities for only the last 120+ years. Aluminium is the third most abundant element in the earth’s crust. So, why has it not been used for centuries, as has gold or copper? The main answer is that it is never found in its natural form as a pure metal. Aluminium is always locked in, or mixed with, other elements. Aluminium occurs in most rocks, vegetation, soils etc., in this combined form as very stable chemical compounds such as alumino-silicates. The Ten Most Naturally Abundant Elements Element Chemical Symbol % Natural Abundance Oxygen O 47.3 Silicon Si 27.7 Aluminium Al 7.9 Iron Fe 4.5 Calcium Ca 3.5 Sodium Na 2.5 Potassium K 2.5 Magnesium Mg 2.2 Titanium Ti 0.5 Hydrogen H 0.1 Some aluminium-bearing compounds were used by man from the earliest times. Primitive man made pottery from clays containing hydrated aluminium silicate. The Egyptians and Babylonians used aluminium salts for the preparation of dyes and medicines. In 1807, Sir Humphrey Davy, the British scientist, established the existence of the element aluminium. Incidentally he called his elusive element “Aluminum”, the spelling which is still used in the USA. Following Davy’s work, H C Oersted of Denmark isolated small lumps of the metal by heating potassium amalgam with aluminium chloride. By 1845 Wohler, a German scientist, had established a range of properties, including the determination of aluminium’s specific gravity, the property which paved the way for the industrial development of aluminium, its lightness! In France between 1855 and 1886, Henri SainteClaire Deville developed a chemical production process for aluminium production, which together with some other subtle variations in other European countries, formed the basis for production of aluminium as a high-cost, luxury metal in limited quantities. In 1886, “the great leap forward” for the aluminium industry occurred. In this year, Charles Martin Hall in the United States of America and Paul L T Heroult in France, each perfected, quite independently, the electrolytic method for producing aluminium from aluminium oxide (alumina). Their success was compounded in 1888 by the German Karl Bayer improving a cheap production method for alumina from bauxite ore. Almost overnight the price of aluminium plunged from $18 to $4.50 per kg. Aluminium and its attractive properties were now well within the reach of any interested industrialist. Using the new processes every advanced industrial country had established a fledgling industry by the end of the nineteenth century. The Properties Aluminium has been termed “The Magic Metal” or “The Wonder Metal”. The reasons for these accolades lie in the very diverse range of physical, chemical and mechanical properties enjoyed by the metal and its alloys in both cast or wrought forms:- • A key property is low density. Aluminium is only one-third the weight of steel. • Aluminium, and most of its alloys, is highly resistant to most forms of corrosion. The metal’s natural coating of aluminium oxide provides a highly effective barrier to the ravages of air, temperature, moisture and chemical attack, making aluminium a useful construction material. • Aluminium is a superb conductor of electricity. This property, allied with other intrinsic qualities, has ensured the replacement of copper by aluminium in many electrical applications. • Aluminium is non-magnetic and noncombustible, properties invaluable in advanced industries such as electronics or in offshore structures. • Aluminium is non-toxic and impervious, qualities that have established its use in the food and packaging industries since the earliest times.
Scrap Copper is one of the most valuable things for mankind that is used in the vast applications. In most of the cases, the copper is used for having the best electrical and thermal conductivity of all kinds of the commercial metals. It has the features of excellent workability, good corrosion resistance with the great demand. This copper generally comes from the two kinds of the sources like extraction and processing of the raw materials and from the recycling the end life products. During this process, the scrap copper is gained and it is the most valuable junk in the planet. In fact, it is quite difficult to acquire the copper in the large quantities from a single location. Buying and selling the copper scrap is the latest business for most of the businessmen to earn more money.
As the copper scraps are the most prized materials to produce the different items, the Scrap copper prices in the UK are often getting the demand. In fact, selling the scrap copper for the best price can be the tedious process. This is because that the process of grading, quality and the type is so complex. For this reason, you have to know the types of copper scrap available in the market and how much they can worth for.
Variety of scrap coppers and its grade
There are different kinds of the copper scraps are available in the market and each of them has unique features and pricing according to their grade. In order to know the prices, you need to recognize the three kinds of the standard grades of copper.
- Bare bright copper
- #1 copper
- #2 copper
- #3 copper
Here, the bare bright copper is the most valuable copper in the market and it can also be recognized as the bright and shiny copper. It is free from the impurities and oxidation. Then, the #1 copper is the second highest grade of copper and it is used in the form of bus bars, punching, clippings and more.
Of course, the #2 copper is the third valuable grade of the copper and it is quite dirty. It can be consisted of the wire, unalloyed pipe and some other solids. So, it is only having 96% copper with other materials. #3 copper is less clean than the #2 copper and so it is called as the light copper.
Know the prices of the scrap copper
When you are in need of getting the price of the scrap copper for buying and selling purpose, you can easily find them based on the types of the copper. Yes, the grade of the copper is the essential factor to determine its prices. Of course, these scrap coppers are often available in the variety of things and based on these things, the price of the copper is decided.
In fact, the internet can provide the details of the scrap copper and its prices easily. So, you can search over the internet for getting more details.
Now days, most of the men and women would concentrate in the recycling process of even metal scraps to earn money and also to save environment. At the same time, many companies also involve themselves in the business of recycling scrap metals like copper, aluminum, iron, stainless steel and more in order to earn profits along with the environmental service. Recycling process of the metals has been providing several benefits to the environment.
Need for metal scrap recycling:
While the production of the new products from the mined metals, there are larger amounts of greenhouse gas emissions which will spoil the entire atmosphere. The releases of these greenhouse gases, there will a lot of climatic changes and air pollution. Thus, the recycling industries are taking the scrap metals into their hands for the recycling process and reduce the amount of air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Using the scrap metals for the production of the new products will actually generate 97 % less mining waste and also using the 40 % less water.
- The scrap metal recycling process is basically a less energy intensive and highly efficient thing than refining and mining the raw metals.
- Mining metals from the earth usually produces more environmental hazards such as
- Groundwater pollution
- Unstable geological conditions
- Poisonous runoff
- Habitat destruction and more.
- In order to avoid all these potential hazards to the environment, scrap metal recycling is often considered in all residences and commercial places across the world.
- For getting more amounts of environmental benefits of recycling scrap metal, a process of recycling basically requires fossil fuel inputs.
- The metal scrap recycling actually produces the free landfill space in order to store some other products and also reduce the metal wastes in your area.
Environmental benefits of scrap metal recycling:
Recycling process of the scrap metals like copper, aluminum, bronze, iron, stainless steel, and more has plenty of benefits to the living environment.
- For the beginners, the scrap metals in your residences or work places will be helpful to make some real money in the scrap yard according to the demands.
- The scrap metals are then being used for the production of the various new products without mining the new metals from the ground. So, there are no emissions of the green house gases and the environment will be good with no air pollution.
- The use of the scrap metals will be found in the various unexpected places such as production of television, smart phones, and new cars to reuse the metal wastes to save the atmosphere from the pollution.
- The scrap metal recycling will be helpful to preserve all the finite and valuable resources we have on the earth.
- At the same time, both the sellers and buyers of the metal scraps can able to earn more amounts of money through waste metal recycling. Many individuals will also get employment opportunities because of the metal recycling industries.
So today we’re publishing a personal blog post by our owner Dave Colbat, he is going to be provide an extremely detailed review on what he believes is the best gaming console that is out at the moment. An avid PC gamer for much of his life, he actually is a firm believer that no console can compete with a top end gaming computer, however he is still going to provide some additional insight onto what he believes is the premier choice for gamers around the world, country and of course locally in Pembrokeshire too. Our detailed Xbox One vs PS4 comparison is more and more meaningful as time passes, particularly as we head into the Summer months and particularly with the release of a wide range of different virtual reality headsets for both the PC, Playstation 4 and also the Xbox One.
One quick note on this point is that currently there is no virtual reality headset that is compatible with either of the two consoles so we will not be weighing that into our review, there is a cool note though in that the Playstation VR is coming out very soon, it will be cheaper than the Oculus Rift and the HTC Vive, however Microsoft have not announced any competitor to the Playstation VR. This may pose a problem for Xbox One owners as virtual reality becomes something of a standard component of a gaming console, this is something that we can expect within the next two to three years too – definitely something that is worth mentioning when it comes to people deciding which console is going to be the best fit for them. Both of the consoles have been out for around two years now, in terms of sales, the Playstation 4 has sold far more copies than Microsoft have with the Xbox One – currently the Playstation 4 has sold around about fifty million copies, whereas the Xbox One has only been sold around twenty five million times, a considerable difference and there is a long list of reasons for why we believe this is the case.
While these statistics alone do not really matter too much, it’s definitely a selling point in itself. The key point to be made is that Playstation only games are generally more popular than the Xbox variants, this is certainly the case with the PS4. In terms of hardware it’s difficult to pick between the two, they both perform at approximately the same level, with very few difference, however the PS4 does edge out the Xbox One slightly here too. Here at the Old Pharmacy hotel and restaurant we have a few people who sit either side of the fence, although it is a fairly unanimous decision company wide that the PS4 jailbreak is definitely better than the Xbox One. All in all though, if you have an endless budget, I would personally recommend going for a top notch gaming computer and then just purchasing a USB controller to plug into it – then you really do have the best of both worlds – brilliant, right?
So today we are going to be talking about my PS4 Jailbreak that I did over the weekend and all of the new games that I have managed to get as a result of it. I was doing some reading over the weekend about how to jailbreak PS4 and realised that there are so many good things that can come out of it. There are a large number of resources online that can help users and guide them through all of the relatively easy steps, it took me just under thirty minutes to get it completed, I was slightly worried that it might go wrong but I haven’t actually had any issues whatsoever since setting it up. I think that people that haven’t actually had a go at this themselves will be pleasantly surprised with all the benefits that can be attained by doing so – it’s a pretty unknown scene but people have been working for many years at trying to find ways to jailbreak consoles effectively. In actuality the PS4 jailbreak was the longest in development of all the previous consoles, Sony had included a wide range of advanced technology on the PS4 to prevent users from learning how to jailbreak a PS4 but now that it is public and readily available, there is nothing stopping people from going online and reading about it.
Some of the awesome benefits of jailbreaking a Playstation 4 are that it is really easy to download all of the latest PS4 games absolutely free. After spending 30 minutes learning how to do it and actually getting the job done, I found myself straight away going online to search for some new games to play. Within the following 24 hours I had already downloaded close to twenty titles and am now in the process of cleaning up some space on my PS4 to install all of them. I think I’m still slightly concerned that something is going to go wrong and I might brick my PS4, however I haven’t seen any signs of that happening so far so I’ll continue to use it as I do. One note that I will say, make sure that you turn off the internet when you are jailbreaking your PS4 and also make sure to turn off any automatic updates that are scheduled to occur – if you don’t do this then you run the risk of damaging your console when Sony release new updates.
I would highly recommend that you learn how to crack your PS4, it will enable you to get much more enjoyment out of your already expensive console, rather than having to save your pennies to put towards purchasing a new game. Simply follow the link to Jail-Breaks.com and you will be playing your new games in absolutely no time at all. Good luck to everybody who after reading this is keen to give it a go themselves, please let me know how it turns out in the comments section below. Many thanks from Dave at The Old Pharmacy for helping me with this post.
We’re here today to update everybody on the latest musings that is going on in the Old Pharmacy, we have recently achieved planning permission for a new restaurant sub-section to be added on to our originally existing restaurant. From this extension we are hoping to increase visitor numbers considerably over the next few years, however we’re unsure on whether or not we will be able to fill it just yet. I’m hoping that we will get some new people wanting to visit Pembrokeshire, not only just for the restaurant, but also to benefit all of the local community too – this is something that is extremely important for all of us here at the Old Pharmacy and moving forward it’s going to be exciting to see how the community progresses too.
In other news we are also hiring for a range of roles within the hotel and restaurant too, we need a floor manager, waiting staff, a head chef and regular chef’s and also security on a contractual basis. As you can imagine it’s going to be difficult to process all of these job requests at once so if you are interested in working for us then please send us over an email, containing the job you are hoping to apply for, your CV and also a covering letter that explains your current living situation – where you live, what your previous jobs have been and also why you would like to come to work at the Old Pharmacy, the best applicant will be asked to come in for an interview and we will hopefully get you working here within two weeks – unless you have an extended notice period at your current place of work.
What we can offer is a wide range of different benefits to all people working at the Old Pharmacy, not only are we situated within the heart of Wales, but we also have a free gym membership on site, we provide all staff with free breakfast, lunch and dinner for those who like to work later on into the evening. In addition we also offer people in a range of different roles additional benefits, however these are relative to the actual job they do. Please enquire about these at a later date for more information on any of the above.
One final note on all of the above is that we also offer people a referral fee if you know anybody who is potentially a good fit for any of our roles, this once again depends on the roll but it will be for over five hundred great British pounds – quite a substantial amount of money for those who are interested. Thank you for keeping up to date on all of our updates, we will continue to post here for those that are interested, please leave us a comment in the comments section below if you would like a particular blog post on anything related to the restaurant or the local Pembrokeshire community. Many thanks again from everybody here at the Old Pharmacy, we will speak again soon!
Wales is a lovely, vibrant country that has a wide array of different things for a whole host of different types of people to do. It is a region that is absolutely full of natural drama, no matter where you are – whether you are strolling along its endless beaches or even walking in its ample amount of large mountain ranges. Wales has a huge historical background too, it is full of a selection of ancient monuments, museums and much more. Whether you find yourself looking for typical activities associated with the countryside, the various attractions on offer, places to eat exceptional local and traditional food and drink, just what’s on in the local area, day trips throughout the country or a selection of general trips and associated itineraries too.
Firstly, if you are looking for a break from your regular based work routine and want to get out into the countryside then Pembrokeshire is the perfect place for you. Pembrokeshire in Wales is extremely well equipped for people looking for some serious outdoor adventure, there is a large number of outdoor activities wherever you go – from things like paint balling in the forests, biking in the mountains or hills, having a go at bush craft and foraging in the endless vast countryside. Fishing in lakes, rivers or even in the Irish sea, golf in some of the United Kingdom’s most famous courses, horse riding in a large number of diverse terrains or even rock and rope climbing up some increasingly difficult mountains too.
We here at the Old Pharmacy restaurant would highly recommend going on a cycling holiday if you have never done so before, it’s definitely two wheels good in Wales. We offer a range of different mountain biking centres that offer a large number of single and dual track trails throughout our beautiful countryside. Feel free to come along and give it a go on one of our free ride hot spots, perfectly designed for all riders – from beginner level, right up to the professionals. In actual fact, our trails surrounding the restaurant in Pembrokeshire forms part of the National Cycling Network – this is a track of interlinked trails that go on for over 1300 miles. You really do have the flexibility to have a great day out, wherever you decide to go on your travels.
If you’d like to find out some more about the potential activities that are on offer for tourists in Wales or more locally in Pembrokeshire then you should head on over to the following website – VisitWales. Here you will find a much more detailed list of activities, their locations and also reviews from people who have undertaken each of them in the past. It’s certainly worth taking a look at if you are planning on heading to the valleys at any point in the near future. Thank you for reading this post and please come back to visit the old pharmacy again in the near future, we will have more posts and information regarding your potential visit.
The Old Pharmacy has been an established restaurant within Pembrokeshire in Wales for the last 25 years and has been on the “Good Food Guide Recommended” list consecutively since 1999. If you are within the area it is something not to be missed!
Within the Pembrokeshire area there aren’t many places available for food service. However, of those few available we are ranked the highest for affordability, quality of our service and most importantly quality of our food.
The restaurant itself is situated in the village of Lower Solva and located inside what was a former chemist store. If you are not from the area, we are on the main road, next to the A487 which is next to the river and leads down to the river Solva before leading out into the ocean.
Here at The Old Pharmacy, we pride ourselves on being able to provide great food and service in a relaxed and friendly environment. The menus we offer are a la carte, supplemented with daily changing specials based on our chefs finest dishes. With this option we can allow you to choose how much or little you wish to eat, from a bowl of soup to a four course meal including a desert and an espresso at the end.
Additionally, we pride ourselves in being specialized in using only the finest produce of meat, fish, seafood, lobster and crab to create our food which is all remarkably bought locally on a daily basis. The style of cooking our chef’s use is a modern and light style with an emphasis on the freshness and quality of the produce being used throughout the meals creation. We combine classic old style, standard recipes with flavors and cooking techniques created in other areas of the globe.
We welcome all kinds of people to our restaurant from families with children to just adults, we can cater for everyone. Dinner starts at 5pm for close who desire to dine at an early time, we have a garden which is pretty throughout the year which leads down to the river and is open for you to sit, drink or eat in if you so choose. Typically people tend to while away outside with a bottle of wine or other drinks until it gets cold before coming inside for their meals. Towards the end of the evening we typically provide good live music, an area within the restaurant for children to play in and we open up a bar specifically for drinks for an extra social aspect.
We do offer private parties for wedding, birthdays, parties or other joyous events; however we require notice before arranging it, so to prevent our regulars from turning up on that specific day. We can cater up to 35 people, so don’t hesitate to give us a call if you have any inquiries. We are certain you will not be disappointed with our services and will definitely keep returning throughout your time in Pembrokeshire. We hope to hear from you soon!